Augusta Treverorum overview
Modern name(s) Trier
Region Europe
Section Central Europe
Latitude 49.75309199 N suggest info
Longitude 6.6432216 E
Status Accurate location
Info The first traces of human settlement in the area of the city show evidence of linear pottery settlements dating from the early Neolithic period. Since the last pre-Christian centuries, members of the Celtic tribe of the Treveri settled in the area of today's Trier.

The Romans under Julius Caesar first subdued the Treveri in 58 to 50 BCE. No later than 16 BCE, at the foot of the hill later christened the Petrisberg, upon which a military camp had been set up in 30 BCE and abandoned again a few months later, the Romans founded the city of Augusta Treverorum ("City of Augustus in the land of the Treveri"), which has a claim to being the oldest city in Germany. The honour of being named after the Emperor was one shared only by Augsburg and Augst in northern Switzerland. Following the reorganisation of the Roman provinces in Germany in 16 BCE, Emperor Augustus decided that the city should become the capital of the province of Belgica. Shortly before 100 CE, an amphitheatre was built, the signal sign of a city of any importance.

Trier rose in importance during the Empire's third-century crisis, as the chief city of the province of Gallia Belgica From 271 to 274 CE, Trier was the second city of the breakaway Gallic Empire, at first under Postumus, who was proclaimed in Cologne, then under his ephemeral successor, Victorinus, who made his base at Trier, where he had rebuilt a large house with a mosaic proclaiming his position as tribune in Postumus' Gallic Praetorian Guard; the city served again as capital under the emperors Tetricus I and II. From the second half of the 3rd century onwards, Trier was the seat of an archbishopric; the first bishop being Eucharius. In the year 275 CE, the city was destroyed in an invasion by the Alamanni. Diocletian recognized the urgency of maintaining an imperial presence in the Gauls, and established first Maximian, then Constantius Chlorus as caesars at Trier; from 293 to 395 CE, Trier was one of the residences of the Western Roman Emperor in Late Antiquity, and its position required the monumental settings that betokened imperial government.
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49.753092, 6.643222 === 49.753092 N, 6.643222 E === 49° 45' 11.1" N, 6° 38' 35.6" E
Nearest sites Noviomagus Trevirorum, Neumagen, circa 21.1 km (13.1 mi) east
Princastellum, Burg Landshut, circa 35.6 km (22.1 mi) east
Icorigium, Jünkerath, circa 65.3 km (40.6 mi) north
Vicus Baudobriga, Bouboriga, Bodobriga, Bontobrica, Boppard, circa 86.1 km (53.5 mi) north-east
Vicus Cruciniacum, Bad Kreuznach, circa 86.9 km (54 mi) east
Kastell Heddersdorf, circa 96 km (59.7 mi) north-east
Kastell Niederbieber, circa 99 km (61.5 mi) north-east
Kastell Ems, circa 100.2 km (62.3 mi) north-east
Kastell Hunzel, circa 100.9 km (62.7 mi) north-east
Kastell Holzhausen, circa 106.4 km (66.1 mi) east
Kastell Kemel, circa 108.4 km (67.3 mi) east
Varnenum, circa 113.3 km (70.4 mi) north-west
Porcetum, Burtscheid, circa 118.6 km (73.7 mi) north-west
Kastell Zugmantel, circa 121.6 km (75.6 mi) east
Rüsselsheim, circa 129.6 km (80.5 mi) east
Vicus Iuliacum, Juliacum, Jülich, circa 131.6 km (81.7 mi) north
Noviomagus Nemetum, Nemetae, Spira, Speyer, circa 138.4 km (86 mi) east
Alta Ripa, Altrip, circa 138.7 km (86.2 mi) east
Kastell Kleiner Feldberg, circa 139.1 km (86.5 mi) east
Atuatuca Tungrorum, Tongeren, Tongres, Tongern, circa 141.4 km (87.9 mi) north-west
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Database ID 7780, created 7 Apr 2012, 18:31, Last changed 9 Apr 2012, 02:15